Useful updated guide about main museums of Milan – Milan Sforza Castle
Ready to start with a new serie of updated and useful guide about the most important museums of Milan. Today we start with a very useful guide with tips and information about Milan Sforza Castle one of the iconic site of Milan. With this update guide discover any side, information and secret of Sforza Castle and thanks to the MilanoCard, the tourist pass of Milan, you will be able to visit the Castle for a special price.
THE HISTORY OF MILAN SFORZA CASTLE
The construction of Milan Sforza Castle was started in the middle of the 14th century by the Visconti. Between 1360 and 1370, Gian Galeazzo Visconti built a fortification called Castello di Porta Giovia, from the name of the ancient entrance of the Roman walls dedicated to Jupiter. The building was enlarged by its successors. The result is a square-shaped castle, with its 200 meters long sides, and four towers at the corners. The building became permanent residence of Visconti until 1447, when it was destroyed by the Aurea Repubblica Ambrosiana.
Captain Francesco I Sforza was rebuilding the castle in 1450 to make his residence after destroying the Republic and taking over Milan as the husband of Bianca Maria Visconti. In 1452 the architect Filarete was hired for the construction of the median tower.
In 1494 came the Ludovico il Moro and the castle became one of the most important courts in Europe. They were called artists such as Leonardo da Vinci, Bernardino Zenale and Bramante.
In the sixteenth century, during the Spanish rule, the castle lost its role as a noble residence that passed to the Ducal Palace. When Lombardy passed under the rule of the Habsburgs of Austria, Milan Sforza Castle retained its military role.
With the arrival of Napoleon, the castle passed under the French. In 1796 the people demanded the demolition of the castle as a symbol of ancient tyranny. On June 23, 1800, Napoleon ordered the demolition of Milan Sforza Castle. The spellbound ramparts and part of the towers were demolished.
In 1815, Milan and the Lombardy-Veneto Kingdom were annexed to the Austrian Empire and Milan Sforza Castle was enriched with caves, passages, prisons and ditches, became sadly famous during the Five Days of Milan in 1845 when Marshal Radetzky used the cannons of the castle to bomb the city.
Twenty years later there was a debate between those who wanted to destroy the castle and who wanted to restore it. In 1900, architect Luca Beltrami began the restoration project of Sforza Castle.
Today Milan Sforza Castle hosts numerous works of art and archaeological finds. Thanks to MilanoCard, the Milan City Pass, which allows you to get many benefits during your stay in Milan, you can get a 10% discount on the Tourist MuseumCard, a ticket that allows you to visit all the civic museums in Milan, including Sforza Castle, for 72 consecutive hours. Click here to find out how it works.
Discover the collections at Milan Sforza Castle below.
THE MILAN SFORZA CASTLE MUSEUMS
Pictury Gallery of Sforza Castle: the collection was born in the nineteenth century, when Milan had already two important pinacoteche, Pinacoteca Ambrosiana (find out how to get discounted access thanks to MilanoCard), the Brera Art Gallery and was creating a third, the Poldi Pezzoli Museum (thanks to your Milan City Pass you can get a discount or free access, click here). The inauguration was on June 2, 1878.
Egyptian museum: is one of the largest museum after the Egyptian museum of Turin and that of Florence. It is housed in the underpasses of the Milan Sforza Castle. It is divided into seven sections: writing, pharaoh, gods and cults, daily life, funeral worship, rocks, mummies and sarcophagi.
Ancient Art Museum: is the venue for collecting sculptures and works of art from the late-ancient, medieval and Renaissance times. It houses works that tell the story of Milan and Lombardy. The rooms host the armory, with arms from the Middle Ages to the 18th century, funerary monuments, tapestry room and gonfalone of Milan, and Pietà Rondanini by Michelangelo. The most important hall is the Sala delle Asse entirely frescoed by Leonardo da Vinci.
Musical Instrument Museum: exhibits a collection of musical instruments from the 15th century BC. to the twentieth century. It houses over 700 musical instruments: arc, pinch, wind and keyboard instruments.
Museum of furniture and wooden sculptures: exhibits furniture with particular attention to the history of Lombard furniture. There are also wooden sculptures and various decorative art objects.
Civic collections of applied art: is located in the Ducali Hall and the Rocchetta del Castello Sforzesco. It features orifices, ivory, bronze, enamel and artistic glass. In Sala Balla is shown the series of Arazzi Trivulzio created between 1503 and 1509 following the drawings of Bramantino.
Thanks to MilanoCard, you can visit all the Milan civic museums for only 10 €. With the Milan tourist card you can have the Tourist MuseumCard with a 10% discount. The Tourist MuseumCard includes: Sforzesco Castle, Museum of 20th Century, Museum of Natural History, Archaeological Museum, Risorgimento Museum, Palazzo Morando Costume Fashion Picture, Civic Aquarium, Modern Art Gallery. Click here to find more information.
To reach Milan Sforza Castle you can take the red Milan metro and get off at Cairoli stop, or take the green Milan metro and get off at Lanza stop. Thanks to Milan City Pass you can travel for free on public transport in Milan. Click here for more information.
Within walking distance of Sforza Castle, don’t miss the opportunity to visit the Triennale of Milan. Thanks to MilanoCard, you can get a 20% reduction on the entry ticket, click here.
Discover how to enjoy the city of Milan with Milan City Pass, discover all the benefits included in one card!